ABA - Applied Behaviour Analysis
ABA, applied behavioral analysis, is simply the application of behavioral principles, to everyday situations, that will, over time, increase or decrease targeted behaviors. ABA has been used to help individuals acquire many different skills, such as language skills, self-help skills, and play skills; in addition, these principles can help to decrease maladaptive behaviors such as aggression, self-stimulatory behaviors, and self-injury.
Behavior analysis focuses on the principles that explain how learning takes place. Positive reinforcement is one such principle. When a behavior is followed by some sort of reward, the behavior is more likely to be repeated. Through decades of research, the field of behavior analysis has developed many techniques for increasing useful behaviors and reducing those that may cause harm or interfere with learning. Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is the use of these techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior.
ABA techniques can produce improvements in communication, social relationships, play, self care, school and employment.
children who receive intensive ABA treatment make larger improvements in more skill areas than do children who participate in other interventions. In addition, the parents of the children who receive intensive ABA report greater reductions in daily stress than do parents whose children receive other treatments.
The analyst’s development of treatment goals stems from a detailed assessment of each learner's skills and preferences and may also include family goals.
Treatment goals and instruction are developmentally appropriate and target a broad range of skill areas such as communication, sociability, self-care, play and leisure, motor development and academic skills.
Goals emphasize skills that will enable learners to become independent and successful in both the short and long terms.
Individualized Educational Plans
Multisensory approach - visual, auditory, tactile
Use of picture cards, visual clues, simple instructions
Speech Therapy inputs for Communication difficulties
Occupational Therapy inputs (Sensory Integration Therapy) for Sensory dysfunction
Behaviour Modification - reduce Negative behaviour & re-inforce (reward) positive (good) behaviour
Transport Facility available - pick n drop